Sunday, October 18, 2009

100 Tokoh Paling Berpengaruh Di Dalam Sejarah Dunia

Siapakah yang paling berpengaruh dalam sejarah?
Hart menyusun daftar urut (peringkat) seratus tokoh dengan argumentasi yang meyakinkan, tetapi juga mengundang perdebatan. Apa alasan Hart menempatkan Nabi Muhammad pada peringkat pertama? Mengapa pula Nabi Isa menempati peringkat ke-3, sedangkan Isaac Newton peringkat ke-2, John F. Kennedy termasuk ke dalam seratus tokoh, tetapi mengapa Mahatma Gandhi tidak? Siapa yang lebih berpengaruh, Karl Marx atau Kong Hu-Cu? `Umar bin Khattab atau Alexander yang Agung?

Do Carter, dalam Seattle Post-Intelligencer

Buku Hart, disamping merupakan rangkuman sejarah dunia yang bermanfaat, juga merupakan sumber perdebatan sengit yang tak akan ada habisnya.

Kenneth L. Woodward, dalam Newsweek

Karya Hart mengagumkan dalam hal tidak chauvinistisnya … Sebuah buku tebal yang besar dan berat penuh fakta-dan-pertentangan yang disebut Seratus Tokoh dan ditakdirkan untuk menjadi sebuah buku yang laris.

The 100: A Ranking Of The Most Influential Persons In History
- Michael H. Hart -
100 Geatest Personalities of the History & Muhammad(PBUH) is on TOP

The following list of influential figures from world history comes from Michael H. Hart's book The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History. In the book, Hart provides brief biographies of each of the individuals, as well as reasons for their ranking.

Note that many influential philosophies (such as Marxist Communism or Confucianism) are not always classified as organized "religions" in the traditional sense, but are classified as such by sociologists because they are a primary motivational worldview for individuals, cultures or subcultures. Also, many founders never considered themselves adherents of philosophies or religions which later bore their name.

In the table below, where there are two religions listed, the first one is the religion the person was born into. The second was the religion or philosophy the person later joined or founded. Comments in the "Influence" column are in bold when the influence is mainly in the realm of religion and philosophy.

01. Nabi Muhammad 51. Umar Ibn Al-Khattab
02. Isaac Newton 52. Asoka
03 Nabi Isa 53. St. Augustine
04. Buddha 54. Max Planck
05. Kong Hu Cu 55. John Calvin
06. St. Paul 56. William T.G.Morton
07. Ts'ai Lun 57. William Harvey
08. Johann Gutenberg 58. Antoine Henri Becquerel
09. Christopher Columbus 59. Gregor Mendel
10. Albert Einstein 60. Joseph Lister
11. Karl Marx 61. Nikolaus August Otto
12. Louis Pasteur 62. Louis Daguerre
13. Galileo Galilei 63. Joseph Stalin
14. Aristoteles 64. Rene Descartes
15. Lenin 65. Julius Caesar
16. Nabi Musa 66. Francisco Pizarro
17. Charles Darwin 67. Hernando Cortes
18. Shih Huang Ti 68. Ratu Isabella I
19. Augustus Caesar 69. William Sang Penakluk
20. Mao Tse-Tung 70. Thomas Jefferson
21 Jengis Khan 71. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
22. Euclid 72. Edward Jenner
23. Martin Luther 73. Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen
24. Nicolaus Copernicus 74. Johann Sebastian Bach
25. James Watt 75. Lao Tse
26. Constantine Yang Agung 76. Enrico Fermi
27. George Washington 77. Thomas Malthus
28. Michael Faraday 78. Francis Bacon
29. James Clerk Maxwell 79. Voltaire
30. Orville Wright & Wilbur Wright 80. John F. Kennedy
31. Antone Laurent Lavoisier 81. Gregory Pincus
32. Sigmund Freud 82. Sui Wen Ti
33. Alexander Yang Agung 83. Mani
34. Napoleon Bonaparte 84. Vasco Da Gama
35. Adolf Hitler 85. Charlemagne
36. William Shakespeare 86. Cyrus Yang Agung
37. Adam Smith 87. Leonhard Euler
38. Thomas Edison 88. Niccolo Machiavelli
39. Antony Van Leeuwenhoek 89. Zoroaster
40. Plato 90. Menes
41. Guglielmo Marconi 91. Peter Yang Agung
42. Ludwig Van Beethoven 92. Meng-Tse (Mencius)
43. Werner Heisenberg 93. John Dalton
44. Alexander Graham Bell 94. Homer
45. Alexander Fleming 95. Ratu Elizabeth I
46. Simon Bolivar 96. Justinian I
47. Oliver Cromwell 97. Johannes Kepler
48. John Locke 98. Pablo Picasso
49. Michelangelo 99. Mahavira
50. Pope Urban II 100. Neils Bohr
51. Umar Ibn Al-Khattab
52. Asoka
53. St. Augustine
54. Max Planck
55. John Calvin
56. William T.G.Morton
57. William Harvey
58. Antoine Henri Becquerel
59. Gregor Mendel
60. Joseph Lister
61. Nikolaus August Otto
62. Louis Daguerre
63. Joseph Stalin
64. Rene Descartes
65. Julius Caesar
66. Francisco Pizarro
67. Hernando Cortes
68. Ratu Isabella I
69. William Sang Penakluk
70. Thomas Jefferson
71. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
72. Edward Jenner
73. Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen
74. Johann Sebastian Bach
75. Lao Tse
76. Enrico Fermi
77. Thomas Malthus
78. Francis Bacon
79. Voltaire
80. John F. Kennedy
81. Gregory Pincus
82. Sui Wen Ti
83. Mani
84. Vasco Da Gama
85. Charlemagne
86. Cyrus Yang Agung
87. Leonhard Euler
88. Niccolo Machiavelli
89. Zoroaster
90. Menes
91. Peter Yang Agung
92. Meng-Tse (Mencius)
93. John Dalton
94. Homer
95. Ratu Elizabeth I
96. Justinian I
97. Johannes Kepler
98. Pablo Picasso
99. Mahavira
100. Neils Bohr

0 comments:

Post a Comment

 

Rakan Muda Unisel

Rakan Muda Unisel Maps

Waktu Solat

games

Pengetahuan Am Copyright © 2009 Black Nero is Designed by Ipietoon Sponsored by Blogger Templates